3010CCJ Crime Prevention: Community and Development Approaches

3010CCJ Community and Developmental Approaches to Crime Prevention

This task is a 2000-word essay, including references listed according to APS citation standards.

Your response should be formatted like an essay and submitted to the TurnItIn point on the Assessment tab named- Additional marks Task. Submissions are due before midnight November 17th.

Ensure that one of the resources you use for this task is the course textbook:
Fagan, A.A., Hawkins, J.D., Catalano, R.F. & Farrington, D.P. (2019). Communities That Care: Building community engagement and capacity to prevent youth behavior problems. New York: Oxford University Press

To complete this task successfully, you will need to be familiar with the set readings from this book, as well as the other readings set for Weeks 1-12. The essay question applies to any community that is seeking to reduce their levels of behavioural health problems, including youth crime.

In your answer follow normal academic practice. That is, after reading and assimilating all the readings, you provide responses to each of the issues below IN YOUR OWN WORDS. You DO NOT copy and paste chunks of text from the book or from the other readings, but using your own words explain what, for example, ‘community readiness’ means.

Where you depend heavily on a section of the book in your answer, still use your own words but refer to the page of the book that you are relying on. It’s Ok to reproduce sections of the book, as long as they are less than about 40 words in length and are put clearly in quotation marks with a page reference.

Task question:
The Communities That Care (CTC) approach to crime prevention is one of only two community-based prevention models that have been shown to be effective using both efficacy trials (randomised controlled trials) and effectiveness trials (implementation on a large scale that achieves reductions in crime and other problems at the population level).

Why is CTC such a successful model?

When answering this question, consider the following issues, amongst others:
1. The concept of community readiness;
2. The phases of CTC, describing what they entail;
3. The conceptualisation and measurement of risk and protective factors;
4. The nature and role of community coalitions;
5. The use of evidence-based programs (give at least two examples of evidence-based programs that have been implemented as part of CTC)