Blame and workarounds

In 500-1000 words answer the following questions:

Why do we tend to blame individuals?
What can be done to reduce the tendency to blame?
What is the problem with workarounds as a solution?

This and any other source can be used as reference
Spath, P. L., & Kelly, D. (2017). Applying quality management in healthcare: A systems approach (4th ed.). Chicago, IL: Health Administration Press.