Case Study Option #1: Julia Le Duc/NY Times Photograph of Oscar Alberto Martinez Ramirez and his daughter Valeria | Migration Crisis through the lens of Ariella Azoulays notion of a Civil Contract of photography

On Wednesday June 26, 2019, the New York Times published a graphic image from theUS/Mexico border on its front page: the lifeless bodies of Oscar Alberto Martinez Ramirez, aCentral American asylum-seeker, and his 23 month old daughter Valeria, after they had drownedin an attempt to cross the Rio Grande. 

The photograph sparked a debate as to the whether the photograph humanized the crisis at theborder, or further dehumanized those bearing the consequences of this crisis. 

If you select this cast study, I would like for you all to read through coveragerelating to the decision to publish and circulate such an image some argue in favor, othersargue against the choice, and others provide a bit of context for the debate: 
A Representation of Crisis | In defense of circulating the image 
a. Why The Times Published a Photo of Drowned Migrants by Lara Takenaga [New York Times] 
b. This photo is about bodies migrant bodies, and our body politic. Don’t look away bySabrina Vourvoulias. 

A Crisis of Representation | Against the circulation of the image 
a. Stop sharing ‘dehumanizing’ photo of drowned migrant father and daughter, immigrationgroups say: ‘before they were migrants, they were a family’ by Chantal da Silva [Newsweek] 
b. Reducing Migrants Lives to One Grisly Photograph by Estefania Castaeda Perez [NACLA]

 Contexta. A Rare Photo of a Rarely Photographed Crisis by Ashley Fetters [The Atlantic] 
b. Whose Deaths Arent We Seeing? by Jack Shafer [Politico] 
c. Think the Photo of the Drowned Migrant Father and Child Will Change Something? Just AskEurope by Tim Fetters [Vice] 

As you read through some of these articles, please make sure to take notes of the mostcompelling part of the arguments, both for and against the image and its circulation. And, usethese to help articulate and express which side of the debate you find yourself on, and why. 

Additionally, I would like for you to use Ariella Azoulays notion of the Civil Contract ofphotography, as a framework, in responding to the following questions: 

– Does this image humanize the migration crisis at the U.S./Mexico border? Why/Why not? 
– Do you feel such images should be circulated as part of efforts to generate dialogue/attentionand/or spur change in relation to this crisis? Why/Why not? 
– Are such images integral to getting the public to care about this issue and bring about change? 
– With Azoulays notion of the Civil Contract of photography in mind: how does this imageserve to spur action/change in relation to this crisis?
 Do you feel it is effective? Why/Why not?