Experiences of everyday Kurds in Turkey

For much of the Ottoman Empire, the Kurds were part of the broader Muslim population with religion serving as the primary identifier. Their ‘Kurdishness,’ in many ways, operated as a secondary identifier. However, in the final years of the Ottoman Empire and, certainly, in the aftermath of the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire and the emergence of the Turkish state, we see identities begin to crystallize around ethnicity rather than religion.
In what ways has Turkish nationalism affected and/or prompted Kurdish nationalism? And vice versa? How does the PKK conceptualize itself in relation to the Turkish state? To the Kurdish homeland? How would you best describe its ideological viewpoint(s)? But it must be stated: PKK=/=Kurdishness—that is, the PKK does not equate to Kurdishness. What are some other experiences that define Kurdishness in Turkey outside of the framework of armed struggle/security discourse? What are the experiences of everyday Kurds in Turkey? How can we frame, for example, Istanbul as “a diasporic experience” since as Örs notes that the former capital of the Ottoman Empire and Turkey’s largest city is, also, the city with largest Kurdish population?