In an essay answer only one of the following questions, your choice.

A.        In what respects is modern antisemitism a continuation of age-old hostility to Jews and in what respects is it different? Did the emergence of the Jewish Question at the end of the nineteenth century reflect an entirely new view of the Jews role in society? Why were the Jews the target for the ire of the new Antisemitic movement? What forms did this new Antisemitism take?
B.        How did the international atmosphere after 1936 impact on the fate of the Jews in Germany?  Did Appeasement have a positive or negative impact on Nazi plans for the Entjudung (de-Judaization) of Germany? Where there other alternative policies such as lifting restrictions on migration — that might have eased conditions in Germany?