Using 5-10 lines each-Define and give examples of each of Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs.. (Esteem, Self-actualization, Extrinsic Motivation, and Intrinsic Motivation)
Here is the “Model Submission”….
The “esteem” in “Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs”, represents that all humans have a need to be respected and to have self-esteem and self-respect. This is also known as the belonging need, esteem presents the nominal human desire to be accepted and valued by others. People need to engage themselves to gain recognition and have an active or activities that give the persona sense of contribution, to feel accepted and self-esteem need respect from others. They may seek fame or glory, which again depends on others. Psychological imbalances such as depression can also prevent one from obtaining self-esteem on both levels. Most people have a need for a stable self-respect and self-esteem. Maslow notes two versions of esteem needs, a lower one and a higher one. For example the lower one is the need for the respect of others, the need for status, recognition, fame, prestige, and attention. The higher one is the need for self-respect, the need for strength, competence, mastery, self-confidence, independence and freedom. The latter one ranks higher because it rests more on inner competence won through experience. Deprivation of these needs can lead to an inferiority complex, weakness and helplessness.
Self-actualization according to Maslow, refers to the need for a person growth that is present through a persons life. In self-actualization a person comes to find a meaning to life that is important to them. It is also the point that is seldom reached at which people have sufficiently satisfied the lower needs and achieved their full human potential. These needs include both deficiency needs and growth needs. Deficiency needs are needs of the body, such as the need for food or water, whereas growth needs are for desires such as having friends or feeling well about oneself. For a person to achieve self-actualization, which is the highest level of growth needs, the primary, the basic needs must be fulfilled. For example, the specific form that these needs will take will of course vary greatly from person to person. In one individual it may take the form of the desire to be an ideal mother, in another it may be expressed athletically, and in still another it may be expressed in painting pictures or in inventions’.
Extrinsic motivation is motivation to engage in an activity as means to an end. Individuals who are extrinsically motivated work on tasks because they believe that participation will result in desirable outcome such as a reward, teacher praise, or avoidance of punishment. Extrinsic motivation is defined as, motivation promoted by factors external to the individual and unrelated to the task being performed. Extrinsic motivation comes from outside of the individual. Common extrinsic motivation are rewards (for example money or grades) showing the desired behavior, and the thread of punishment following misbehavior. A good example of an extrinsic competition is because it encourages the performer to win and to beat others, not simply to enjoy the intrinsic rewards of the activity. A cheering crowd and the desire to win a trophy are also extrinsic incentives. These rewards provide satisfaction and pleasure. The pleasure people anticipate from some external reward will continue to be a motivator even when the task to be done holds little or no interest.
Intrinsic motivation refers to behavior that is driven by internal rewards. In other words, the motivation to engage in a behavior arises from within the individual because it is intrinsically rewarding. Intrinsic motivation is more defined more simply in the terms of what people will do without external inducement. Some of the factors that promote intrinsic motivation are challenges (set personally goals), curiosity (making abrupt changes that will be perceived by the senses), control (make clear the cause-and-effect relationship), fantasy (learn to use mental imagines to stimulate behavior), competition (satisfaction by comparing), cooperation (satisfaction by helping others), and recognition (satisfaction when others recognize and appreciate their accomplishments). Examples of some of the behaviors that are the result of intrinsic motivation include, participation in a sport because you find the activity enjoyable, solving word puzzle because you find the challenge fun and interesting and playing game because you find it exciting. For example intrinsic motivation occurs when people act without any obvious external rewards. People simply enjoy an activity or see it as an opportunity to explore, learn, and actualize peoples potentials.