Outbreak Investigation PUBH4012

Outbreak Investigation
A standard process in epidemiology after an outbreak investigation is for the lead investigator to create a brief, (24 page) executive summary addressed to senior leadership that describes the case and the steps taken, and offers recommendations and considerations for various groups of people.
This is a two-part assignment. 

In Part 1 you will review a CDC case study of an outbreak investigation. 
In Part 2, wearing the hat of the lead investigator in this case, you will develop an executive summary using a template.

Part 1: Salmonella in the Caribbean
Review the following case study (linked in Resources):
Salmonella in the Caribbean (CB1167)
In 1990, salmonellosis in the Caribbean gained international attention when outbreaks of diarrhea occurred among tourists staying at luxury hotels across the region.  Travel associations and health agencies in the United States, Canada, and Great Britain issued traveler warnings about the problem. Stories about the outbreaks appeared in newspapers (as shown at left) and on televisions around the world.  Lawsuits were filed against several major hotels, and one was filed after the death of a hotel guest.
As a result of the media coverage and its impact on tourism, the attention of governmental agencies in the Caribbean and the tourism industry was quickly captured.  Staff from the Caribbean Epidemiology Center (CAREC)*, the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture, and the Caribbean Alliance for Sustainable Tourism collaborated to identify the source of the salmonellosis problem. 
Part 2 Executive Summary
After reviewing the case, download the Executive Summary template before beginning Part 2. If you choose to use a different template, be sure to answer all of the questions posed by the one in the Resources. It contains questions that will guide you through your development of the executive summary.

Take the role of the lead investigator in this outbreak case study.  Develop an executive summary for your boss regarding the information you have collected and your analysis of the case.

You executive summary must include the following:

Problem Statement.

Describe the interaction among agent, host, and environment, and the chain of disease transmission.


Describe the common steps that were used in the outbreak epidemiology process.
Describe surveillance and monitoring techniques for a population with increased risk of an infectious disease.


Use population health data found on the CDC government website.

Risks and Opportunities.

Discuss how socioeconomic factors can enhance or prevent transmission of disease.
Verify the scientific merit of data used to determine level of risk for the population group in the study.


Explain what worked well.


Summarize the findings and provide a recommendation of methods and strategies to reach the disadvantaged population groups at increased risk for this infectious disease.

Additional Requirements
Use the Executive Summary template linked in Resources or one of your choosing that answers the same questions.

Page count: 24 double-spaced pages (not including cover or reference page).
Font: Times New Roman, 12 points.
APA formatting: Resources and citations are formatted according to current APA style and formatting.
Number of references: Cite at least three peer-reviewed resources.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Epidemiologic Case Studies. (2019). Salmonella in the Caribbean (CB1167). Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/epicasestudies/computer_salmonella.html