The bangkok rules provide a practical and aspirational set of human rights principles via a set of gendered directives to policymakers, legislators,

R​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​esearch essay on the following questions, you need to ensure that your work
has focus, an argument and an analytical discussion. You should present a clear,
thoughtful, reflective, and well-presented piece of work. All essays should be carefully
formatted and referenced using APA7 with a complete reference list.
– Pathways Feminism and the Bangkok Rules
Pathways feminism has impacted not only the development of criminological theory but
also the advancement of gender-specific policy and practice to better meet the needs of
women in the criminal (in)justice system. In 2010, the United Nations adopted special
guidelines for the treatment of women prisoners and ‘offenders’, the United Nations Rules
for the Treatment of Women Prisoners and Non-Custodial Measures for Women Offenders
(the Bangkok Rules). The Bangkok Rules provide a practical and aspirational set of
human rights principles via a set of gendered directives to policymakers, legislators,
sentencing authorities, and correctional institutions
Write an essay that addresses the following questions:
1) What is pathways feminism and how has it impacted criminological understandings
of the gendered nature of criminalisation? Summarise the feminist pathways
approach and findings from this body of research.
2) What are the Bangkok Rules? Provide sufficient background information regarding
their development and purpose.
3) Identify one example of how pathways feminism may have impacted the development
of the Bangkok Rules. To answer this, you will need to identify a key theme within the
Bangkok Rules and demonstrate how this developed from a feminist pathways
understanding of criminalisation.
4) Keeping your example/key theme in mind, from a feminist pathways approach,
provide two examples as to how the Bangkok Rules might impact policy and practice
to better meet the needs of criminalised women?
Format and Guidelines:
Please refer to the APA Manual, 7th edition, available from Griffith University for style
and referencing guidelines here:
There i​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​s also a video tutorial provided so please watch it.
Assessment Criteria: You will be assessed on four criteria for the essay. These are:
1) Structure and Argument
2) Content
3) Referencing
4) Presentation
Please look at the attached marking sheet to familiarise yourself with how you will be
assessed, and what we will be looking for in your essays. Please note that there is an
expected minimum of ten scholarly works that should be used and referenced in your
essay. This means that you are expected to conduct outside research, i.e. scholarly works
outside of the materials presented in the class. Also, “scholarly works” mean peer-review
journal articles, academic books, and governmental publications. If you are unsure, ask
your course convenor or tutor.
Structure & Argument
marked out of 15
• Introduction synthesises
relevant literature,
summarises the problem and
the argument
• Essay directly addresses the
• Breaks question into parts and
responds to each
• Follows a set plan
• Mounts a coherent and logical
• Does not just rely on
• Integrates information from
various sources
• Supports argument with
• Conclusion summarises issues
& argument
Content marked out of 15
• Explains/defines all relevant
key terms, theoretical concepts
• Provides concise overview of
the topic
• Refers to sufficient range of
key references and
sources (at least 10 journal
articles or academic book
chapters or books) to show
understanding of topic
• Draws explicit links with key
• Uses relevant examples
Referencing marked out of 5
• Provides in-text referencing
for all arguments,
assertions & evidence
• Appropriately paraphrases
source material
• Provides a complete list of
• Uses correct APA7 style
Presentation marked out of 5
• Clear and readable in
formatting and presentation
• Clear and readable in terms of
written expression,
including adequate spelling,
grammar, proper use of
sentences and paragraphs, and
academ​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​ic style
• Conforms with word length