1 Christianity vs. Islam With both Christianity and Islam seeking converts, was the conflict between the two faiths inevitable, as evidenced in Charles Martel in the 700s and later in the Crusades? Is it possible to have religious pluralism without conflict? #2 Scholasticism in the Middle Ages The rise of scholasticism in the Middle Ages in Europe fostered a quest for knowledge. This came at a time of great interest in schools and churches in Europe. What were some of the great achievements of this period, and how did those achievements shape future discovery?