Writing Workshop: Comparing Texts

In a five-paragraph literary analysis essay, explain how each author develops the common theme. Compare and contrast how the authors develop this theme by referencing specific literary devices and techniques in your response.
Passage 1 : “In Response to Executive Order 9066: All Americans of Japanese DescentMust Report to Relocation Centers”by Dwight Okita
Sirs: Of course I’ll come. I’ve packed my galoshesand three packets of tomato seeds. Denise calls themlove apples. My father says where we’re goingthey won’t grow.I am a fourteen-year-old girl with bad spellingand a messy room. If it helps any, I will tell youI have always felt funny using chopsticksand my favorite food is hot dogs.My best friend is a white girl named Denise —we look at boys together. She sat in front of meall through grade school because of our names:O’Connor, Ozawa. I know the back of Denise’s head very well.I tell her she’s going bald. She tells me I copy on tests.We’re best friends.I saw Denise today in Geography class.She was sitting on the other side of the room.“You’re trying to start a war,” she said, “giving secretsaway to the Enemy, Why can’t you keep your bigmouth shut?”I didn’t know what to say.I gave her a packet of tomato seedsand asked her to plant them for me, told herwhen the first tomato ripenedshe’d miss me“In Response to Executive Order 9066: All Americans of Japanese DescentMust Report to Relocation Centers”by Dwight OkitaDear Sirs:Of course I’ll come. I’ve packed my galoshesand three packets of tomato seeds. Denise calls themlove apples. My father says where we’re goingthey won’t grow.I am a fourteen-year-old girl with bad spellingand a messy room. If it helps any, I will tell youI have always felt funny using chopsticksand my favorite food is hot dogs.My best friend is a white girl named Denise —we look at boys together. She sat in front of meall through grade school because of our names:O’Connor, Ozawa. I know the back of Denise’s head very well.I tell her she’s going bald. She tells me I copy on tests.We’re best friends.I saw Denise today in Geography class.She was sitting on the other side of the room.“You’re trying to start a war,” she said, “giving secretsaway to the Enemy, Why can’t you keep your bigmouth shut?”I didn’t know what to say.I gave her a packet of tomato seedsand asked her to plant them for me, told herwhen the first tomato ripenedshe’d miss me
Pasage 2: “Mericans by Sandra Cisneros”
We’re waiting for the awful grandmother who is inside dropping pesos into la ofrenda box beforethe altar to La Divina Providencia. Lighting votive candles and genuflecting. Blessing herself andkissing her thumb. Running a crystal rosary between her fingers. Mumbling, mumbling,mumbling.There are so many prayers and promises and thanks-be-to-God to be given in the name of thehusband and the sons and the only daughter who never attend mass. It doesn’t matter. Like LaVirgen de Guadalupe, the awful grandmother intercedes on their behalf. For the grandfatherwho hasn’t believed in anything since the first PRI elections. For my father, El Periquín, soskinny he needs his sleep. For Auntie Light-skin, who only a few hours before was breakfastingon brain and goat tacos after dancing all night in the pink zone. For Uncle Fat-face, the blackestof the black sheep—Always remember your Uncle Fat-face in your prayers. And Uncle Baby—You go for me, Mamá—God listens to you.The awful grandmother has been gone a long time. She disappeared behind the heavy leatherouter curtain and the dusty velvet inner. We must stay near the church entrance. We must notwander over to the balloon and punch-ball vendors. We cannot spend our allowance on friedcookies or Familia Burrón comic books or those clear cone-shaped suckers that makeeverything look like a rainbow when you look through them. We cannot run off and have ourpicture taken on the wooden ponies. We must not climb the steps up the hill behind the churchand chase each other through the cemetery. We have promised to stay right where the awfulgrandmother left us until she returns.There are those walking to church on their knees. Some with fat rags tied around their legs andothers with pillows, one to kneel on, and one to flop ahead. There are women with black shawlscrossing and uncrossing themselves. There are armies of penitents carrying banners andflowered arches while musicians play tinny trumpets and tinny drums.La Virgen de Guadalupe is waiting inside behind a plate of thick glass. There’s also a goldcrucifix bent crooked as a mesquite tree when someone once threw a bomb. La Virgen deGuadalupe on the main altar because she’s a big miracle, the crooked crucifix on a side altarbecause that’s a little miracle.But we’re outside in the sun. My big brother Junior hunkered against the wall with his eyes shut.My little brother Keeks running around in circles.Maybe and most probably my little brother is imagining he’s a flying feather dancer, like theones we saw swinging high up from a pole on the Virgin’s birthday. I want to be a flying featherdancer too, but when he circles past me he shouts, “I’m a B-Fifty-two bomber, you’re aGerman,” and shoots me with an invisible machine gun. I’d rather play flying feather dancers,but if I tell my brother this, he might not play with me at all.“Girl. We can’t play with a girl.” Girl. It’s my brothers’ favorite insult now instead of “sissy.” “Yougirl,” they yell at each other. “You throw that ball like a girl.”I’ve already made up my mind to be a German when Keeks swoops past again, this time yelling,“I’m Flash Gordon. You’re Ming the Merciless and the Mud People.” I don’t mind being Ming theMerciless, but I don’t like being the Mud People. Something wants to come out of the corners ofmy eyes, but I don’t let it. Crying is what girls do.I leave Keeks running around in circles—“I’m the Lone Ranger, you’re Tonto.” I leave Juniorsquatting on his ankles and go look for the awful grandmother.Why do churches smell like the inside of an ear? Like incense and the dark and candles in blueglass? And why does holy water smell of tears? The awful grandmother makes me kneel andfold my hands. The ceiling high and everyone’s prayers bumping up there like balloons.If I stare at the eyes of the saints long enough, they move and wink at me, which makes me asort of saint too. When I get tired of winking saints, I count the awful grandmother’s mustachehairs while she prays for Uncle Old, sick from the worm, and Auntie Cuca, suffering from a life oftroubles that left half her face crooked and the other half sad.There must be a long, long list of relatives who haven’t gone to church. The awful grandmotherknits the names of the dead and the living into one long prayer fringed with the grandchildrenborn in that barbaric country with its barbaric ways.I put my weight on one knee, then the other, and when they both grow fat as a mattress of pins,I slap them each awake. Micaela, you may wait outside with Alfredito and Enrique. The awfulgrandmother says it all in Spanish, which I understand when I’m paying attention. “What?” I say,though it’s neither proper not polite. “What?” which the awful grandmother hears as “¿Güat?”But she only gives me a look and shoves me toward the door.After all that dust and dark, the light from the plaza makes me squinch my eyes like if I justcame out of the movies. My brother Keeks is drawing squiggly lines on the concrete with awedge of glass and the heel of his shoe. My brother Junior squatting against the entrance,talking to a lady and man.They’re not from here. Ladies don’t come to church dressed in pants. And everybody knowsmen aren’t supposed to wear shorts.“¿Quieres chicle?” the lady asks in a Spanish too big for her mouth.“Gracias.” The lady gives him a whole handful of gum for free, little cellophane cubes ofChiclets, cinnamon and aqua and the white ones that don’t taste like anything but are good forpretend buck teeth.“Por favor,” says the lady. “¿Un foto?” pointing to her camera.“Si.”She’s so busy taking Junior’s picture, she doesn’t notice me and Keeks.“Hey, Michele, Keeks. You guys want gum?”“But you speak English!”“Yeah,” my brother says, “we’re Mericans